Keywords

This module provides the string keywords used throughout psyneulink

https://princetonuniversity.github.io/PsyNeuLink/Keywords.html

class psyneulink.core.globals.keywords.MatrixKeywords
IDENTITY_MATRIX

a square matrix of 1’s along the diagonal, 0’s elsewhere; this requires that the length of the sender and receiver values are the same.

HOLLOW_MATRIX

a square matrix of 0’s along the diagonal, 1’s elsewhere; this requires that the length of the sender and receiver values are the same.

FULL_CONNECTIVITY_MATRIX

a matrix that has a number of rows equal to the length of the sender’s value, and a number of columns equal to the length of the receiver’s value, all the elements of which are 1’s.

RANDOM_CONNECTIVITY_MATRIX

a matrix that has a number of rows equal to the length of the sender’s value, and a number of columns equal to the length of the receiver’s value, all the elements of which are filled with random values uniformly distributed between 0 and 1.

AUTO_ASSIGN_MATRIX

if the sender and receiver are of equal length, an IDENTITY_MATRIX is assigned; otherwise, a FULL_CONNECTIVITY_MATRIX is assigned.

DEFAULT_MATRIX

used if no matrix specification is provided in the constructor; it presently assigns an IDENTITY_MATRIX.

class psyneulink.core.globals.keywords.DistanceMetrics

Distance between two arrays.

Each keyword specifies a metric for the distance between two arrays, \(a_1\) and \(a_2\), of equal length for which len is their length, \(\bar{a}\) is the mean of an array, \(\sigma_{a}\) the standard deviation of an array, and \(w_{a_1a_2}\) a coupling coefficient (“weight”) between a pair of elements, one from each array:

MAX_ABS_DIFF

\(d = \max(|a_1-a_2|)\)

DIFFERENCE

(can also be referenced as L0)

\(d = \sum\limits^{len}(|a_1-a_2|)\)

EUCLIDEAN

(can also be referenced as L1)

\(d = \sum\limits^{len}\sqrt{(a_1-a_2)^2}\)

COSINE

\(d = 1 - \frac{\sum\limits^{len}a_1a_2}{\sqrt{\sum\limits^{len}a_1^2}\sqrt{\sum\limits^{len}a_2^2}}\)

CORRELATION

\(d = 1 - \left|\frac{\sum\limits^{len}(a_1-\bar{a}_1)(a_2-\bar{a}_2)}{(len-1)\sigma_{a_1}\sigma_{ a_2}}\right|\)

ENTROPY and CROSS_ENTROPY

\(d = \sum\limits^{len}a_1log(a_2)\)

ENERGY

\(d = -\frac{1}{2}\sum\limits_{i,j}a_{1_i}a_{2_j}w_{ij}\)