Keywords

This module provides the string keywords used throughout psyneulink

https://princetonuniversity.github.io/PsyNeuLink/Keywords.html

class psyneulink.globals.keywords.MechanismRoles
ORIGIN

A ProcessingMechanism that is the first Mechanism of a Process and/or System, and that receives the input to the Process or System when it is executed or run. A Process may have only one ORIGIN Mechanism, but a System may have many. Note that the ORIGIN Mechanism of a Process is not necessarily an ORIGIN of the System to which it belongs, as it may receive Projections from other Processes in the System. The ORIGIN Mechanisms of a Process or System are listed in its origin_mechanisms attribute, and can be displayed using its show method. For additional details about ORIGIN Mechanisms in Processes, see Process Mechanisms and Process Input and Output; and for Systems see System Mechanisms and System Input and Initialization.

INTERNAL

A ProcessingMechanism that is not designated as having any other status.

CYCLE

A ProcessingMechanism that is not an ORIGIN Mechanism, and receives a Projection that closes a recurrent loop in a Process and/or System. If it is an ORIGIN Mechanism, then it is simply designated as such (since it will be assigned input and therefore be initialized in any event).

INITIALIZE_CYCLE

A ProcessingMechanism that is the sender of a Projection that closes a loop in a Process or System, and that is not an ORIGIN Mechanism (since in that case it will be initialized in any event). An initial value can be assigned to such Mechanisms, that will be used to initialize the Process or System when it is first run. For additional information, see Run, System Mechanisms and System Input and Initialization.

TERMINAL

A ProcessingMechanism that is the last Mechanism of a Process and/or System, and that provides the output to the Process or System when it is executed or run. A Process may have only one TERMINAL Mechanism, but a System may have many. Note that the TERMINAL Mechanism of a process is not necessarily a TERMINAL Mechanism of the System to which it belongs, as it may send projections to other processes in the System (see example). The TERMINAL Mechanisms of a Process or System are listed in its terminalMechanisms attribute, and can be displayed using its show method. For additional details about TERMINAL Mechanisms in Processes, see Mechanisms and Process input and output; and for Systems see Mechanisms.

SINGLETON

A ProcessingMechanism that is the only Mechanism in a Process and/or System. It can serve the functions of an ORIGIN and/or a TERMINAL Mechanism.

LEARNING

A LearningMechanism in a Process and/or System.

TARGET

A ComparatorMechanism of a Process and/or System configured for learning that receives a target value from its execute or run method. It is usually (but not necessarily) associated with the TERMINAL Mechanism of the Process or System. The TARGET Mechanisms of a Process or System are listed in its target_mechanisms attribute, and can be displayed using its show method. For additional details, see TARGET Mechanisms, learning sequence, and specifying target values.

class psyneulink.globals.keywords.MatrixKeywords
IDENTITY_MATRIX

a square matrix of 1’s along the diagonal, 0’s elsewhere; this requires that the length of the sender and receiver values are the same.

HOLLOW_MATRIX

a square matrix of 0’s along the diagonal, 1’s elsewhere; this requires that the length of the sender and receiver values are the same.

FULL_CONNECTIVITY_MATRIX

a matrix that has a number of rows equal to the length of the sender’s value, and a number of columns equal to the length of the receiver’s value, all the elements of which are 1’s.

RANDOM_CONNECTIVITY_MATRIX

a matrix that has a number of rows equal to the length of the sender’s value, and a number of columns equal to the length of the receiver’s value, all the elements of which are filled with random values uniformly distributed between 0 and 1.

AUTO_ASSIGN_MATRIX

if the sender and receiver are of equal length, an IDENTITY_MATRIX is assigned; otherwise, a FULL_CONNECTIVITY_MATRIX is assigned.

DEFAULT_MATRIX

used if no matrix specification is provided in the constructor; it presently assigns an IDENTITY_MATRIX.

class psyneulink.globals.keywords.DistanceMetrics

Distance between two arrays.

Each keyword specifies a metric for the distance between two arrays, \(a_1\) and \(a_2\), of equal length for which len is their length, \(\bar{a}\) is the mean of an array, \(\sigma_{a}\) the standard deviation of an array, and \(w_{a_1a_2}\) a coupling coefficient (“weight”) between a pair of elements, one from each array:

MAX_ABS_DIFF

\(d = \max(|a_1-a_2|)\)

DIFFERENCE

\(d = \sum\limits^{len}(|a_1-a_2|)\)

EUCLIDEAN

\(d = \sum\limits^{len}\sqrt{(a_1-a_2)^2}\)

CORRELATION

\(d = 1 - \left|\frac{\sum\limits^{len}(a_1-\bar{a}_1)(a_2-\bar{a}_2)}{(len-1)\sigma_{a_1}\sigma_{ a_2}}\right|\)

ENTROPY and CROSS_ENTROPY

\(d = \sum\limits^{len}a_1log(a_2)\)

ENERGY

\(d = -\frac{1}{2}\sum\limits_{i,j}a_{1_i}a_{2_j}w_{ij}\)